Type of Intervention: Executive Order, Regulation, Specific Action
Sectors Involved: Civil Defence
Level of Jurisdiction: National
Lead People/Agency: Decision made by: President of the Republic and Cabinet of Ministers
Leading the implementation of the intervention: Governors and mayors so that within the framework of their constitutional and legal competencies, they adopt the necessary instructions, acts and orders for the proper execution of the mandatory preventive isolation measure for all the inhabitants of the Republic of Colombia
Overview: Order mandatory preventive isolation of all the inhabitants of the Republic of Colombia, from zero hours (00:00 am) on April 13, 2020, until zero hours (00:00 am) on April 27, 2020, in the framework of the health emergency due to Coronavirus COVID-19
Full details here: https://coronaviruscolombia.gov.co/Covid19/docs/decretos/mininterior/198_DECRETO_531_2020.pdf
Type of Justification: Advice of INTERNAL government advisory committee or group, Advice of EXTERNAL expert advisor or advisory committee, Scientific Evidence (e.g. academic paper, report), Perception of an increased threat
Source of Evidence or Justification: World Health Organisation, National – academic, National – government
Evidence/Justification: As of March 17, 2020, the Ministry of Health and Social Protection had reported that 75 cases of people infected with the Coronavirus COVID-19 and zero (O) deaths were reported in the country, a figure that has been growing at the country level in the following way: 102 people infected as of March 18, 2020; 108 people infected as of March 19, 2020; 145 people infected as of March 20, 196 people infected as of March 21, 235 people infected as of March 22, 306 people infected as of March 23, 2020; 378 people infected on March 24; 470 people infected as of March 25, 491 people infected as of March 26, 539 people infected as of March 27, 608 people infected as of March 28, 702 people infected as of March 29; 798 people infected as of March 30; 906 people infected as of March 31, 1,065 people infected as of April 1, 1,161 people infected as of April 2, 1,267 people infected as of April 3, 1,406 people infected as of April 4, 1,485 people infected as of April April 5, 1,579 people infected as of April 6, 1,780 people infected as of April 7, 2,054 people infected as of April 8, 2020, and fifty-four (54) deaths as of that date.
That despite the measures adopted, the Ministry of Health and Social Protection reported on April 7, 2020, 50 deaths and 1,780 confirmed cases in Colombia, distributed as follows: Bogotá D.C. (861), Cundinamarca (60), Antioquia (209), Valle del Cauca (250), Bolívar (63), Atlántico (63), Magdalena (14), Cesar (17), Norte de Santander (26), Santander ( 14), Cauca (14), Caldas (16), Risaralda (44), Quindío (34), Huila (34), Tolima (15), Meta (14), Casanare (2), San Andrés and Providencia (2) , Nariño (7), Boyacá (13), Córdoba (7), Sucre (1) and La Guajira (1).
That the World Health Organization-WHO, issued a document with preparedness and response actions for COVID-19 that must be adopted by the States. This document is recommended in response to the community spread of the COVID Coronavirus.
the evidence shows the spread of the Coronavirus COVID-19 continues, to the state and society’s efforts, and given absent pharmacological measures such as the vaccine and antiviral drugs, which are not available for it all the time, previously they will have to supply strict protocols of efficacy and safety can be used massively, non-pharmacological measures have the highest cost-effectiveness. Measures include respiratory hygiene, social distancing, voluntary self-isolation, and quarantine.