24 January 2020 – Government of Panama issues first Epidemiological Bulletin outlining measures such as epidemiological surveillance

Type of Intervention: Guidance
Sectors Involved: Health, Immigration, Tourism, Transportation
Intervention Categories: Education and awareness
Level of Jurisdiction: National
Lead People/Agency: Ministry of Health General direction of public health (MINSA-DGSP)
Social Security System (CSS)
Gorgas Commemorative Institute for Health Studies (ICGES)
Tocumen International Airport (AITSA)

Overview: Issuance of the Epidemiological Bulletin No.1 on a new Coronavirus outbreak, analyzes the international situation and takes actions at the national level.
activation of epidemiological surveillance.
activation of the situation room with main laboratories and surveillance networks
adaptation of the operational guidelines taking the information provided on the alert by WHO (2019-nCOV).
WEBEX with regional experts.
Strengthening of surveillance and develope of protocol by health offices on entry points for maritime, air and land.
Coordination with administrative authorities, government and airlines of the Tocumen International Airport that receives flights with passengers comming from China.
Preparation of information bulletins for passengers at airports.
Development of infection prevention and control measures in case of suspicion or confirmation of cases by the new (2019-COV).
Development of lists and calculation of needs for supplies, medications and equipment for strengthening the primary and hospital network in potential preparation.
Full details here: http://www.minsa.gob.pa/sites/default/files/general/boletin_1_-2019-ncov-24-01-2020.pdf

Type of Justification: Advice of EXTERNAL expert advisor or advisory committee, Scientific Evidence (e.g. academic paper, report), Perception of an increased threat
Source of Evidence or Justification: World Health Organisation, International – academic, International – government
Evidence/Justification: On December 31, 2019, the People’s Republic of China (PROC) reported the occurrence of a cluster of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan City, Hubei Province.
On January 9, Chinese authorities report that the cause of this viral pneumonia is a new type of human coronavirus, unlike any other known so far.
Between January 13-20, 2020, China, Thailand, Korea and Japan reported an outbreak, the source of which was under investigation.
As of January 23, 2020, (epidemiological week
No.4), 581 confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV were reported in 5 countries. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200123-sitrep-3-2019-ncov.pdf
Source PROC and WHO